Archive - Электронный научный журнал "ТРУДЫ ВИАМ"

Articles

 


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1.
dx.doi.org/ 10.18577/2307-6046-2024-0-3-3-17
УДК 669.018.28
Bazyleva O.A., Rimsha E.G., Chabina E.B., Raevskih A.N.
SOME ASPECTS OF CREATION AND RESEARCH OF STRUCTURAL CASTING INTERMETALLIDE ALLOYS FOR PROMISING HELICOPTER ENGINES

The article presents the calculation of the chemical composition of the intermetallic composition based on the Ni3Al compound using the doping balance formula, while the average electron concentration is the number of valence electrons per unit atomic mass of the composition; studies of structural and phase transformations in an intermetallic alloy based on Ni3Al depending on high-temperature treatment and during long-term tests at temperatures of 1150, 1200 and 1250 °С. The constructability of the structural alloy was experimentally established when testing the casting of blanks of the nozzle blades of the compressor turbine of a promising helicopter engine.

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2.
dx.doi.org/ 10.18577/2307-6046-2024-0-3-18-29
УДК 621.7
Yashin M.S., Bazhenov A.R.
INVESTIGATION OF THERMOMECHANICAL PARAMETERS OF DEFORMATION AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES DEPENDING ON CONDITIONS OF DEFORMATION OF TITANIUM ALLOY VT30

Technological plasticity, deformation mechanisms and dependence between mechanical properties and the conditions of deformation of titanium alloy VT30 were studied in present work. Samples in cast and forged states were examined. The samples were deformed on a pile driver and press at different temperatures, also forging and stamping were carried out. The results showed that the VT30 alloy has better properties in the forged state. In addition, optimal conditions for pressure treatment of titanium alloy VT30 were obtained.

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3.
dx.doi.org/ 10.18577/2307-6046-2024-0-3-30-40
УДК 621.791.14: 621.791.724
Panteleev M.D., Odintsov N.S., Bondarenko S.V., Sviridov A.V.
SURVIVABILITY OF WELDED FUSELAGE ELEMENTS MADE OF HEAT-RESISTANT ALUMINUM ALLOYS V-1213 AND 1151

In this work static and fatigue characteristics of welded joints of heat-resistant aluminum alloys V-1213 and 1151 were studied. Mechanical and service-life tests of flat welded structurally similar samples of fuselage elements made of heat-resistant aluminum alloys V-1213 and 1151 welded by laser-beam welding and friction stir welding were carried out. The assessment of the survivability of welded joints was evaluated with introduced stress concentrators. Comparative assessment of cyclic durability to failure was made on structurally similar welded samples.

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4.
dx.doi.org/ 10.18577/2307-6046-2024-0-3-41-51
УДК 621.355
Leonov A.A., Trofimov N.V.
MAGNESIUM ION BATTERIES: PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES IN THE FIELD OF ENERGY

New type of the energy carrier include magnesium-ion batteries, which represents potentially more effective and ecologically safe alternative to existing storage technologies. The main types of anode, cathode and electrolyte materials for magnesium-ion batteries, ensuring efficient transfer of Mg2+ cations and possible cyclic durability, are considered. In the article advantages and disadvantages of this technology, its potential for application in different areas also are analyzed.

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5.
dx.doi.org/ 10.18577/2307-6046-2024-0-3-52-62
УДК 678.8
Guseva M.A., Ibragimov Z.D.
SELECTION OF CURING SYSTEM WHEN DEVELOPING EPOXY COMPOSITIONS WITH ENERGY-EFFICIENT CURING MODE

Polymer binders with an energy-efficient curing mode are compositions containing hardeners and curing accelerators that are capable of curing the polymer system at low temperatures (120–150 °C), with minimal time, while maintaining the increased strength and thermomechanical characteristics of PCM, derived from it. This paper presents a technology for the development of a polymer binder with selection of a curing system to obtain an epoxy composition with an energy-efficient curing mode as part of import substitution issues.

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6.
dx.doi.org/ 10.18577/2307-6046-2024-0-3-63-75
УДК 669.018.95
Nyafkin A.N., Zhabin A.N., Avtaev V.V.
CRACK PROPAGATION IN COMPOSITE MATERIALS OF THE Al‒SiC SYSTEM UNDER CYCLIC LOADS

The review presents the features of fatigue crack propagation in composite materials (CM) based on aluminum alloys reinforced with silicon carbide (SiC) particles with different volume content under cyclic loading conditions. The influence of the volume content and size of SiC particles on the growth rate of a fatigue crack in  CM under the action of cyclic loads is considered. The results of studying the influence of the CM structure on the growth rate and development of cracks during cyclic tests are presented.

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7.
dx.doi.org/ 10.18577/2307-6046-2024-0-3-76-90
УДК 661.177
Sedova L.S., Shestakov A.M.
FOREIGN HYDROLIQUIDS, APPLIED IN CIVIL AVIATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Information on the foreign hydroliquids applied in the territory of the Russian Federation in civil aviation is provided. Properties of foreign hydroliquids are given: Skydrol LD-4, Skydrol 500B-4, Nyjet-IV-Aplus, AeroShell Fluid 41, Mobil Aero HF, Hydraunycoil FH 51, ROYCO 756, Nycolube 934. Data on the Russian analogs are provided: working fluids 7-50C-3 and NGZh-5U, oils AMG-10 and MGE-10A. Characteristics of domestic hydroliquids in comparison with import analogs are provided. Information on available foreign patent researches is specified.

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8.
dx.doi.org/ 10.18577/2307-6046-2024-0-3-91-100
УДК 678.747.2
Starkov A.I., Isaev A.Yu., Kutsevich K.E.
COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF OPERATIONAL AND CLIMATIC TESTS ON THE CHANGE OF STRENGTH PROPERTIES OF POLYMER COMPOSITE MATERIALS BASED ON ADHESIVE PREPREGS Part 1. Carbon fiber-reinforced plastic VKU-59

A comprehensive assessment of the retention of strength properties of carbon fiber plastic of the VKU-59 brand under tension, compression, bending, interlayer shear at test temperatures of –60, +20, +80 and +105 °C was carried out in the initial state and after climatic influences in a tropical climate chamber for 1 and 3 months, heat and humidity aging for 1 and 3 months, thermal aging for 500 and 1000 hours. The influence of the mycological environment and process fluids on the tensile strength of carbon fiber reinforced plastic in bending and compression was studied. To confirm the viability, samples of VKU-59 carbon fiber plastic were tested in tension and compression after 3 months of storage.

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9.
dx.doi.org/ 10.18577/2307-6046-2024-0-3-101-116
УДК 666.7
Sidorov D.V., Grunin А.А., Shavnev A.A.
IMPLEMENTATION OF TECHNOLOGY FOR CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION OF SILICON CARBIDE IN ELECTRONICS. Part 1

The comparative characteristics of modern semiconductor materials, the basic electrophysical properties of the applied silicon carbide polytypes, and the possibilities of using silicon carbide semiconductors in microelectronic devices are presented. The most common methods for producing silicon carbide crystals are considered, which are growing crystals from a melt, sublimation and chemical vapor deposition.

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10.
dx.doi.org/ 10.18577/2307-6046-2024-0-3-117-124
УДК 667.6
Kondrashov E.K., Kozlova A.A.
EFFICIENCY OF ANTICORROSIVE PROTECTION BY ORGANIC SILICON ENAMELS OF WELDED CONNECTIONS OF VNS-2 AND VNS-5 STEELS

The effectiveness of using organic silicon enamels of various grades for anticorrosive protection of welded connections steels VNS-2 and VNS-5 working at high temperatures has been studied. The assessment of properties of coatings on the basis of organic silicon enamels after exposure to salt spraying, humidity, sign-variable temperatures is carried out. By results of the study the most effective enamels providing reliable protection of steels in difficult operating conditions are chosen.

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11.
CONTENТS

Heat-resistant alloys and steels

 

Bazyleva O.A., Rimsha E.G., Chabina E.B., Raevskikh A.N.Some aspects of creation and research of structural casting intermetallide alloys for promising helicopter engines

 

 

Light-metal alloys

 

Yashin M.S., Bazhenov A.R.Investigation of thermomechanical parameters of deformation and mechanical properties depending on conditions of deformation of titanium alloy VT30

 

 

Panteleev M.D., Sviridov A.V., Odintsov N.S., Bondarenko S.V.Survivability of welded fuselage elements made of heat-resistant aluminum alloys V-1213 and 1151

 

 

Leonov A.A., Trofimov N.V.Magnesium ion batteries: prospects and challenges in the field of energy

 

Polymer materials

 

Guseva M.A., Ibragimov Z.D.Selection of curing system when developing epoxy compositions with energy-efficient curing mode

 

 

Composite materials

 

Nyafkin A.N., Zhabin A.N., Avtaev V.V.Сracks рropagation in composite materials of the Al–SiC system under cyclic loads

Sedova L.S., Shestakov A.M.Foreign hydroliquids, applied in civil aviation of the Russian Federation

 

Starkov A.I., Isaev A.Yu., Kutsevich K.E.Comprehensive assessment of the impact of operational and climatic tests on the change of strength properties of polymer composite materials based on adhesive prepregs. Рart 1. Сarbon fiber-reinforced plastic VKU-59

 

 

Protective and functional

coatings

 

Sidorov D.V., Grunin A.A., Schavnev A.A.Implementation of technology for chemical vapor deposition of silicon carbide in electronics. Part 1

 

Kondrashov E.K., Kozlova A.A. Efficiency of anticorrosive protection by organic silicon enamels of welded connections of VNS-2 and VNS-5 steels

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